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Common Sources of Gluten

Common Sources of Gluten

Which Grains are Gluten-Containing?

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Gluten is a protein found in the following grains: wheat, barley, rye and oats. They are described as gluten-containing grains and must be avoided by people with coeliac disease.

Gluten Containing Grains:

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(Including their varieties & derivatives)
  • Wheat (bran and germ)
  • Durum
  • Emmer
  • Semolina
  • Spelt
  • Farina
  • Farro
  • Graham
  • Dinkel
  • Rye
  • Barley
  • Malt
  • Brewer’s Yeast
  • Wheat Starch
  • Atta
  • Bourghul/bulgar/bulghur/bulgur
  • Bran
  • Couscous
  • German Wheat
  • Graham Flour
  • Kamat
  • Polish Wheat
  • Triticale (hybrid of wheat and rye)

Gluten Containing Foods:

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Any type of food containing wheat flour, wheat, barley, rye, oats is unsuitable for people with coeliac disease.

Unless specified gluten free these types of foods are NOT gluten free: burger buns, bread, cakes, biscuits, pastry, pasta, croutons, stuffing, beer, bagels, cheesecake (the biscuit base), wraps, doughnuts, buns, spaghetti, breakfast cereals, muesli , pizza, pies, crackers, gravy, breadcrumbs, foods cooked in batter.

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Foods and Medication That May Contain Gluten

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Many processed foods can contain hidden gluten. Reading the ingredients list for processed foods is an essential skill that can help identify gluten containing foods. The following foods may contain hidden sources of gluten unless specified gluten free: baked beans, corn-flakes, rice bubbles, luncheon meats, sausages, saveloys, cocktail sausages, marinated meat, gravy,  imitation seafoods, dry roasted nuts, some ice-cream/desserts, hot chips, chips/crisps, pasta sauces, mince sauces, soups, sauces and soya sauce.

For information on foods which are gluten free see the How to Eat Gluten Free page.,

Oral medications in the form of tablets and capsules are a potential source of gluten contamination. Medications are composed of many ingredients, both inside and outside of the product. These ingredients, also known as excipients, include the active component, absorbents (which absorb water to allow the tablet to swell and disintegrate), protectants, binders, coloring agents, lubricators, and bulking agents (which allow some products to dissolve slowly as they travel throughout the intestinal tract). It is important that people with coeliac disease work with their doctor or pharmacist to make sure their medications are gluten-free.

CNZ has recently been advised by PHARMAC and Medsafe that a new gluten-free supplier of folic acid, Mylan will be available from 1st July onwards (as opposed to the previous Apotex brand). It’s Pharmacy only so can be bought over the counter (or funded on Rx) although there'll be a phase-out period from now until December so it may not be as easily available at all pharmacies initially. 

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About Coeliac New Zealand

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Your partner in
healthy living

Coeliac New Zealand is available throughout your journey. As part of our community, you’ll get support, advice, and assistance. We work with health professionals, manufacturers, and researchers to raise awareness of coeliac disease in NZ.

Together, we can reach a day when every person with coeliac disease gets diagnosed quickly, lives a healthy life, and has the prospect of a cure.

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